By J. Clapp
With the adoption of an international Bank-sponsored structural adjustment programme within the mid-1980s, Guinea underwent a dramatic switch in its financial and agricultural rules. The country's adventure over the last decade illustrates essentially the most urgent difficulties encountered by means of African international locations pursuing monetary reform. This booklet analyses those problems through interpreting the adjustment adventure in Guinea because it affected the country's total political economic system and the rural quarter particularly. It additionally areas this situation in the broader context of African adjustment.
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Additional resources for Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State, and the World Bank in Guinea
The French chose to name as chiefs those local inhabitants who already had some degree of authority in the region. However, as the new cantons did not always correspond to traditional jurisdictions, some chiefs lost power while some gained. The French Administration kept only those chiefs who were not opposed to the colonial regime, and charged them with collecting taxes, paying them a dividend of the amount collected. Although they did strip power from those chiefs who were not co-operative, the French did not attempt to do away with the chieftancy completely, nor did they try to unify the diverse ethnic groups.
While it may be argued that this influence on political matters undermines African countries' sovereignty, some assert that broader influence, including political conditionality, is just what is needed. The governments of France, Britain, Belgium, Canada, and the US, for example, have begun to tie their development assistance to the promotion of democracy. The World Bank itself, in response to the heightened interest amongst major donors in linking political and economic reform, has come increasingly come close to advocating such political conditionality.
61 Further exacerbating the problem were budget cuts called for in SAPs which actually decreased the quality of some public services, including those for the agricultural sector, social services, and the environment. ' 62 By 1989, as expressed in From Crisis to Sustainable Growth, the Bank began to link the issue of institutional capacity to that of governance. ' 63 The state was now seen to have a crucial role, which was to foster an 'enabling environment' for both the public and private sectors.
Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State, and the World Bank in Guinea by J. Clapp