By John L. Offner
Offner clarifies the complicated relatives of the USA, Spain, and Cuba major as much as the Spanish-American conflict and contends that the warfare was once no longer sought after by means of any of the events yet was once still unavoidable. He indicates ultimate around of peace negotiations failed largely simply because inner political constraints restricted diplomatic flexibility.
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Extra resources for An Unwanted War: The Diplomacy of the United States and Spain Over Cuba, 1895-1898
When the Liberal Party entered office, it pressed for a large number of reforms. Opposing ultra-clericals, Liberals sought greater freedom of religious conscience and expanded secular education. One progressive goal, the elimination of slavery, was provided by Cánovas just before he left office in 1881. Liberals also promoted a free press, union legality, and an expanded suffrage. Universal male suffrage, adopted in 1890, was corrupted by the electoral system, yet during the 1890s more people voted, and municipal elections in particular became more responsive to the ballot box.
26 Associated with Weyler’s failed military campaign was his civilian re-concentration program designed to separate insurgents from civilians. To cut off manpower, food, supplies, and information from the insurgents, Weyler ordered the peasants to leave their homes and villages and to relocate in towns and cities where the Spanish military could control them. The order was first directed at only a portion of the island, but in a few months it was expanded to include most of the island’s rural population.
The war directly involved America because of the strategic location of the island. S. neutrality laws. Moreover, the United States had sufficient power to bring peace, liberty, and independence to Cuba. Since the Cuban insurgents were engaged in war, belligerency was a fact that should be recognized; true neutrality would exist only when both Spain and Cuba had equal rights in the United States to borrow money, buy arms, and support their military efforts. The Cubans had created a government, they deserved to be governed by their own will, and they wanted recognition of belligerent rights.
An Unwanted War: The Diplomacy of the United States and Spain Over Cuba, 1895-1898 by John L. Offner