By Alexander S. Lawson
To the layman, all printing kinds glance a similar. yet for typographers, photograph artists and others of that lunatic fringe who think that the letters we glance at day-by-day (and take completely with no consideration) are of profound significance, the query of the way letters are shaped, what form they suppose, and the way they've got developed continues to be one in every of passionate and carrying on with concern.
Lawson explores the enormous territory of sorts, their improvement and makes use of, their antecedents and offspring, with precision, perception, and readability. Written for the layman yet containing exhaustive learn, drawings and synopses of typefaces, this ebook is a necessary addition to the library of somebody s typographic library. it truly is, as Lawson states, no longer written for the printer confident that there are already too many typefaces, yet really for that curious a part of the inhabitants that believes the other; that the subtleties of refinement as applies to roman and cursive letters have not begun to be totally investigated and that the construction of the precise typeface is still a target to be as a lot wanted by way of current as via destiny variety designers. somebody desiring to typographic knowledge may still personal and treasure this vintage.
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Additional info for Anatomy of a Typeface
For example the vectors drawn in Fig. 13 indicate that H 1 = H1 e x , H 2 = −H2 ex , V 3 = V3 e y . 9 The concept of moment A simple example of the effect of a moment is experienced when holding a tray with a mass on it that exerts a (gravity) force on the tray, see the schematic drawing in Fig. 14(a). This force, which acts at a certain distance d, causes a moment at the position of our hand as is shown in Fig. 14(b), where the tray has been removed from the drawing and the resulting load on the hand is indicated by the arrow F, representing the force, and additionally the curved arrow M, representing the moment.
Substitution of these values into the equation above, renders: −20 − HA − HB = 0 10 + VB = 0 −2HB − 20 − 20 = 0. Clearly, from the second equation it follows immediately that VB = −10 [N], while from the last equation it is clear that HB = −20 [N], which leaves the first equation to calculate HA as HA = 0 [N]. Hence we have the solution: HA = 0 [N], HB = −20 [N], VB = −10 [N]. 4 An example of a statically indeterminate case appears if the rolling support at point A of Fig. 4 is replaced by a hinge as in point B.
Notice that both the x- and y-component of the joint reaction force, FJx and FJy , respectively, are unknown (the joint is modelled by a hinge), while for the muscle only the magnitude of the muscle force FM is unknown. Application of the force balance in the x- and y-direction yields FJx − FM cos( θ) = 0 and FJy + FM sin( θ) −W − W0 = 0. Force equilibrium supplies two equations for three unknowns, hence moment equilibrium needs to be enforced as well. With the points A, B and C located at xA = aex , xB = bex and xC = cex , respectively, moment equilibrium with respect to point J requires: a FM sin( θ) −b W − c W0 = 0.
Anatomy of a Typeface by Alexander S. Lawson